Moss Park Infant School

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History

History / Geography

History

 

Key stage 1 Pupils should develop an awareness of the past, using common words and phrases relating to the passing of time. They should know where the people and events they study fit within a chronological framework and identify similarities and differences between ways of life in different periods. They should use a wide vocabulary of everyday historical terms. They should ask and answer questions, choosing and using parts of stories and other sources to show that they know and understand key features of events. They should understand some of the ways in which we find out about the past and identify different ways in which it is represented. Pupils should be taught about:

 

  • changes within living memory. 
  • events beyond living memory that are significant nationally or globally [for example, the Great Fire of London, the first aeroplane flight or events commemorated through festivals or anniversaries]
  • the lives of significant individuals in the past who have contributed to national and international achievements. 
  • significant historical events, people and places in their own locality.

 

Geography

 

Pupils should develop knowledge about the world, the United Kingdom and their locality. They should understand basic subject-specific vocabulary relating to human and physical geography and begin to use geographical skills, including first-hand observation, to enhance their locational awareness. Pupils should be taught to:

 

Locational knowledge

 

Year 1

  • be aware of the image of the world on maps and globes and identify the UK within it.
  • name and locate the United Kingdom and its countries
  • identify some characteristics of these countries

Year 2

  • name and locate the world’s seven continents and five oceans
  • name, locate and identify the capital cities of the UK and its surrounding seas
  • identify some characteristics of these capital cities

 

Place knowledge

  • understand geographical similarities and differences through studying the human and physical geography of a small area of the United Kingdom, and of a small area in a contrasting non-European country

 

 

Human and physical geography

  • identify seasonal and daily weather patterns in the United Kingdom and the location of hot and cold areas of the world in relation to the Equator and the North and South Poles
  • use basic geographical vocabulary to refer to:
    • key physical features, including: beach, cliff, coast, forest, hill, mountain, sea, ocean, river, soil, valley, vegetation, season and weather
    • key human features, including: city, town, village, factory, farm, house, office, port, harbour and shop

Year 1

  • identify seasonal weather patterns in the UK
  • use basic geographical vocabulary to refer to key physical features including: beach, forest, hill, mountain, sea, river, season and weather
  • key human features including: city, town, farm, village, house, office and shop

Year 2

  • identify daily weather patterns in the UK
  • know the location of hot and cold areas of the world in relation to the Equator and the North and south Poles
  • use basic geographical vocabulary to refer to key physical features including: beach, cliff, coast, forest, hill, mountain, sea, ocean, soil,, valley, vegetation, river, season and weather
  • key human features including: city, town, farm, village, factory, house, office, harbour and shop

 

Geographical skills and fieldwork

  • use world maps, atlases and globes to identify the United Kingdom and its countries, as well as the countries, continents and oceans studied at this key stage
  • use simple compass directions (North, South, East and West) and locational and directional language [for example, near and far; left and right], to describe the location of features and routes on a map

Year 1

  • communicate ideas through speaking, pictures, pictograms, labelled diagrams and maps
  • use ICT to present ideas
  • use simple maps and atlases to identify the UK and its countries
  • use locational and directional language
  • use aerial photographs to recognise landmarks and basic features
  • make a simple map to represent a journey
  • make simple field sketches
  • use a camera
  • use simple observational skills to study the geography of school and its grounds

Year 2

  • record and present information/communicate findings in a variety of ways
  • use ICT to present ideas
  • use simple maps and atlases to identify the capital cities of the UK and its seas
  • use simple globes to locate the World's seven continents and five oceans
  • use simple compass
  • use simple keys on maps
  • devise a simple map with basic symbols used for a key
  • make simple field sketches
  • use a camera
  • observe and measure the key human and physical features of the school's surrounding environment and local are

School Awards

 
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